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Global Hardwood Fiber Price Index increased 27 percent over two years: WRI

April 17, 2023  By Wood Resources International, a ResourceWise Company

Graph: Wood Resource Quarterly

Wood chip and pulplog prices rose substantially in most countries over the past year in the local currencies. For example, in the Nordic countries, domestic prices were up about 20% from the 4Q/21 to the 4Q/22, and in Central Europe, wood fibre costs increased by 30-50 percent over the same period. Pulpwood prices in Latin America rose by 25-40 percent, while wood price in Canada increased slightly less, 15-35 percent. The U.S. South was the only region where prices have remained practically unchanged over the past year.

In U.S. dollar terms, global wood fibre prices have generally increased less than in local currencies the past year because of the strengthening dollar. Pulp mills have grappled with some of the highest wood costs in over 10 years. WRI’s two global wood fibre price indices have trended upward for 2.5 years and were at eight-year highs in the 4Q/22. The Global Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI) has increased the most over the past few years, from US$78.79/bdmt in the 3Q/20 to US$100.07/bdmt in the 4Q/22, a 27 percent increase. The Global Softwood Fiber Price Index (SFPI) rose during the same period, about 13 percent, from $93.13/bdmt to reach US$104.79/bdmt in the 4Q/22.

Wood fibre costs are, by far, the highest cost component when manufacturing wood pulp. In the 4Q/22, wood costs accounted for almost 60 per cent of the cash cost for pulp produced worldwide, according to FisherSolve from ResourceWise. The other cost shares were energy (17 percent), chemicals (14 percent), materials (five percent), and labour (five percent). There is a significant variation in wood cost percentages depending on the country, ranging between 45-75 percent. The Nordic countries and Germany are at the low end of the range for wood costs, with energy accounting for a relatively high percentage. The highest wood cost shares are typically in Asia, including China and Japan, with the energy and chemicals shares often below 10 percent of total cash costs.


Wood Resource Quarterly has been digitized and is now available as an interactive online business intelligence platform, WoodMarket Prices (WMP). The pricing data service, established in 1988, has subscribers in over 30 countries. The WMP tracks prices for sawlog, pulpwood, lumber & pellets and reports on trade and wood market developments in most key regions worldwide. For more insights on the WMP platform, a unique and valuable tool for every organization that requires updates on the latest developments of global forest products markets, please go to Global Wood Prices.

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